Caring for and Healing the Earth

Alien Plants

 

The effect of alien plant species on native plant richness and community composition in urban mid-age Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) dominated forests in London, Ontario

Page 9 of 9

 

 

Acknowledgments

    I would like to thank Bonnie Bergsma (City of London), Tim Marchand (Ontario Parks), and Brenda Galigher (Upper Thames River Conservation Authority) for permission to perform vegetative sampling in Londonís ESAs and Komoka Provincial Park. I also would like to thank Dr. Sheila Macfie and Dr. Bob Bailey for agreeing to be on my advisory committee. Further thanks to Dr. Paul Cavers and Dr. Bob Bailey for statistical advice. Thank you to Dr. David Susko for providing reference material. I especially would like to thank Dr. Jane Bowles for her wealth of information and easy-going manner.

 

 

References

Anderson, R. 1999.Disturbance as a factor in the distribution of sugar maple and the invasion of Norway maple into a modified woodland. Rhodora 101:264-273.

Anderson, R.C., Dhillion, S.S., & Kelley, T.M. 1996. Aspects of the ecology of an invasive plant, garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata), in Central Illinois. Rest. Ecol. 4(2):181-191.

Bowles, J.M., Draper, W., Heagy, A., Kanter, M., & Larson, B. 1994. City of London sub-watershed studies life science inventories. Upper Thames River Conservation Authority, London, Ontario.

Burke, M.J.W., & Grime, J.P. 1996. An experimental study of plant community invasibility. Ecology 77(3):776-790.

Byers, D.L., & Quinn, J.A. 1998. Demographic variation in Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) in four contrasting habitats. J. of the Torrey Bot. Soc. 125(2):138-149.

Cavers, P.B., Heagy, M.I., & Kokron, R.F. 1979. The biology of Canadian weeds. 35. Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande. Can. J. Plant Sci. 59:217-229.

Elton, C.S. 1958. The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. Methuen, London.

Francis, C.M., Austen, M.J.W., Bowles, J.M., & Draper, W.B. 2000. Assessing floristic quality in southern Ontario woodlands. Nat. Areas J. 20(1):66-77.

Higgins, S.I., & Richardson, D.M. 1999. Predicting plant migration rates in a changing world: the role of long-distance dispersal. Am. Nat. 153(5):464-475.

Hobbs, R.J., & Humphries, S.E. 1995. An integrated approach to the ecology and management of plant invasions. Cons. Bio. 9(4):761-770.

Larson, D.L., Anderson, P.J., & Newton, W. 2001. Alien plant invasion in mixed-grass prairie: effects of vegetation type and anthropogenic disturbance. Ecological Applications 11(1):128-141.

Law, R., & Morton, R.D. 1996. Permanence and the assembly of ecological communities. Ecology 77:762-775.

Lee, H.T., Bakowsky, W.D., Riley, J., Bowles, J., Puddister, M., Uhlig, P., & McMurray, S. 1998. Ecological land classification for southern Ontario: first approximation and its application. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, South-central Science Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch. SCSS Field Guide FG-02.

Levine, J.M. 2000. Species diversity and biological invasions: relating local process to community pattern. Science 288:852-854.

Levine, J.M., & DíAntonio, C.M. 1999. Elton revisited: a review of evidence linking diversity and invasibility. Oikos 87:15-26.

MacDonald, I.A.W., Loope, L.L., Usher, M.B., & Hamann, O. 1989. Wildlife conservation and the invasion of nature reserves by introduced species: a global perspective. In Drake, J.A., Mooney, H.A., DiCastri, F. et al. (Eds.), Biological invasions: a global perspective. John Wiley, Chichester, pp. 215-255.

McCann, K.S. 2000. The diversity-stability debate. Nature 405:228-233.

McCarthy, B.C. 1997. Response of a forest understory community to experimental removal of an invasive non-indigenous plant (Alliaria petiolata, Brassicaceae), pp. 117-130 In J.O. Luken and J.W. Thieret (eds), Assessment and management of plant invasions. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Meekins, J.F., & McCarthy, B.C. 2000. Responses of the biennial forest herb Alliaria petiolata to variation in population density, nutrient addition and light availability. J. Ecol. 88:447-463.

Meekins, J.F., & McCarthy, B.C. 1999. Competitive ability of Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard, Brassicaceae), an invasive, non-indigenous forest herb. Int. J. Plant Sci. 160(4):743-752.

Mueller-Dombois, D. & Ellenberg, H. 1974. Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York.

Naeem, S., Knops, J.M.H., Tilman, D., Howe, K.M., Kennedy, T., & Gale, S. 2000. Plant diversity increases resistance to invasion in the absence of covarying extrinsic factors. Oikos 91:97-108.

Nuzzo, V.A. 1991. Experimental control of garlic mustard [Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande] in Northern Illinois using fire, herbicide, and cutting. Nat. Areas J. 11(3):158-167.

Oldham, M.J., Bakowsky, W.D., & Sutherland, D.A. 1995. Floristic quality assessment system for Southern Ontario. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.

Preston, F.W. 1960. Time and space and the variation of species. Ecology 41:611-627.

Prieur-Richard, A.H., & Lavorel, S. 2000. Invasions: the perspective of diverse plant communities. Austral Ecology 25:1-7.

Pyle, L.L. 1995. Effects of disturbance on herbaceous exotic plant species on the floodplain of the Potomac river. Am. Midl. Nat.134:244-253.

Reichard, S.H., & Hamilton, C.W. 1997. Predicting invasions of woody plants introduced into North America. Cons. Bio. 11(1):193-203.

Sax, D.F., & Brown, J.H. 2000. The paradox of invasion. Global Ecology & Biogeography 9:363-371.

Stohlgren, T.J., Binkley, D., Chong. G.W., Kalkhan, M.A., Schell, L.D., Bull, K.A., Otsuki, Y., Newman, G., Bashkin, M., & Son, Y. 1999. Exotic plant species invade hot spots of native plant diversity. Ecol. Monogr. 69(1):25-46.

Timmins, S.M., & Williams, P.A. 1991. Weed numbers in New Zealandís forest and scrub reserves. N. Z. J. Ecol. 15:153-162.

Webb, S.L., Dwyer, M., Kaunzinger, C.K., & Wyckoff, P.H. 2000. The myth of the resilient forest: case study of the invasive Norway maple (Acer platanoides). Rhodora 102:332-354.

Wiser, S.K., Allen, R.B., Clinton, P.W., & Platt, K.H. 1998. Community structure and forest invasion by an exotic herb over 23 years. Ecology 79(6):2071-2081.

Yost, S.E., Antenen, S., & Hartvigsen, G. 1991. The vegetation of the Wave Hill natural area, Bronx, New York. Torrey Bot. Club Bull. 118(3):312-325.

 

Previous Page     Next Page
Copyright © Peter Moc

 
 
 

The material on this page is copyright © by the original author/artist/photographer. This website is created, maintained & copyright © by Walter Muma
Please respect this copyright and ask permission before using or saving any of the content of this page for any purpose

Thank you for visiting!